A Struggle For Survival Against All Odds: The Yom Kippur War

Tags: Yom Kippur, Holidays, History, People and Society

By Itzhak Brook M.D.

The Yom Kippur War was launched in 1973 in a surprise attack by Syria and Egypt on the holiest day of the Jewish calendar.

Even though the signs of an imminent attack were noted by the Israeli intelligence, the Israeli government decided to ignore them for political and strategic reasons. Consequencely, the country’s borders were very sparsely defended, creating a dangerous void on the front.

An Israeli M60 Patton destroyed in the Sinai

An Israeli M60 Patton destroyed in the Sinai

The invading armies outnumbered the Israelis at a ratio of 100 to 1 in manpower and 10 to 1 in armor and artillery. Since the bulk of the Israel army is made of reservist, it took two days for them to mobilize and deploy. During these critical days it was only the vastly outnumbered soldiers in the front and Israeli pilots that held the line and stalled the attackers.

It was their heroism and determination that saved the country from being overrun. Their devotion and sacrifice compensated for the lack of a sufficient equipment and supplies.

The strategic depth of the Sinai desert and Golan Heights also provided the country the time needed to mobilize the reservists. This war posed the most serious threat to the existence of Israel in modern history.

Even though Israel was eventually able to achieve a military victory, the country paid a steep price, both in lives lost and in the citizenry’s confidence in their leaders and themselves. Almost 3,000 soldiers gave their lives; which is a ratio of 1 per 1,000 Israelis; a steep and painful price for a nation of three million. Over 10,000 were wounded in the 17 days of fighting.

Almost every household and neighborhood was affected.
The pain and sorrow was and still is very searing.

Deep within the psyche of the nation, this conflict shattered conventional wisdom that the country was invincible. It also illustrated the importance of having secure and defendable borders and the need to prevent such deadly attacks. It also highlighted the urgent need for a lasting peace between Israel and its neighbors.

Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin acknowledge applause during a Joint Session of Congress in which President Jimmy Carter announced the results of the Camp David Accords.

Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin

An important outcome of the Yom Kippur War was the creation of a peace agreement between Israel and Egypt that was signed in 1979 and ended 31 years of conflict between the two nations.

I was a battalion physician during the Yom Kippur War. Like thousands of Israelis, I joined my battalion which was assigned to supply the armored corps with ammunition, fuel, water and food. We rushed to the front to head off the attack hoping to protect our families and our nation. The war was difficult and trying.

Dr. Itzhak Brook during the Yom Kippur War

The soldiers of my battalion risked their lives throughout the war replenishing tanks with fuel and ammunition under enemy fire.

I watched them as they overcame the many difficulties and performed their mission, despite constant danger, as they heroically conquered their fears and anxieties. Many of them paid the ultimate price doing just that. I had to cope with my soldiers’ war injuries and battle strain. It was a daily struggle for survival in the war zone requiring resourcefulness and performance despite fear and anxiety and loses of friends. This war changed my definition of courage. It is the performing one’s duty despite one’s fear.

For Jews who have lived through the Yom Kippur War, the holiest of the High Holy days will never be the same. For us, it stands not only as a day of atonement but as day of gratitude to God for the miracle of survival.

It is also a time for remembering those who paid the ultimate price for preserving and protecting Israel, and will always commemorate a renewed commitment to preventing Israel from ever experiencing such a peril in the future.

Interested in Learning More About In the Sands of Sinai?

Check out In the Sands of Sinai by Dr. Itzhak Brook at Reading Israel Today!

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Tags: Yom Kippur, Holidays, History, People and Society